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what is the average reading speed of a person?

  


Eye movements average reading speed question The average reading speed for an adult is 200 to 250 words speed, but knowing the average reading speed is only a small part of the picture. The code.

Average Reading Speed?

I just finished reading my sixth book this week! I just love reading books, cause they're packed full of knowledge, you know? Luckily for me,


 
I know secret speed reading techniques passed down from a 22nd-degree black belt kung fu master who reached enlightenment by eating an entire library.


if you wanna learn that same secret and read 18 books a week, just like me, take my speed reading course.


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Now, if you'll excuse me, I need to get back to gaining vast amounts of knowledge.



(hardcore dance music)   let's be real here. Reading Speed
The idea that you could learn to speed read, that is, learn to drastically increase your reading speeds and plow through more books than you ever thought possible has been around for quite a long time.


If you're in college, you'll probably see a flyer on campus at some point advertising a speed reading seminar that can teach you how to read at 900 words per minute,


1,200 words per minute, or even beyond that, and countless bloggers have talked about the supposed techniques you can use to learn how to speed read. And so much of it is BS.


I wanted to create the little and series to set the record straight on speed reading show you how you can realistically increase your reading speeds,


what I want to do with this read, in particular, is lay out the science of how reading works.


Now, reading is possible through, in fact, waiting for it, and eye movement. I know, crazy, right? But there are several different types of eye movement.


For instance, there's something called smooth pursuit, which our eyes do when we're tracking a moving subject.


you can do it right now, just follow my finger on the screen, and you might be feeling a little bit sleepy, which, in that case, (coughs) give me all your money.


There's vergence, which is what happens when your eyes move closer together to focus on THE subject in the middle of the field of vision, something called.


vestibular eye movement, which is what happens when your eyes are fixed upon the fixed subject, but your head moves, and your eyes compensate for the head movement.


When reading, though, eyes move in quick, jerky movements called book saccades.



When were reading silently to ourselves,

the length of the average saccade is about two visual degrees, which equates to about eight letters on a page?


And this takes about 30 milliseconds to do. Now, when your eye stops and focuses on the text, that's called a fixation.


To understand fixations, first, you need to know about the three ranges of vision your eyes have.


First, there's the foveal, which spans about two visual degrees right in the center of the retina, then the parafoveal,


which goes about five degrees on either side of any given fixation, and finally, your peripheral vision.


Your peripheral vision is pretty blurry, you can make out shapes and movement, but it cants pick up a whole lot of detail.


The foveal, by contrast, picks up detail well, and this is critical for reading. Most of what you can understand in any given fixation needs to be in that foveal range.


Maybe one or two letters can be in the parafoveal range, but that's it. And the average fixation when you're reading silently takes about 225 milliseconds,


though this is an average. The range is typically anywhere but from 100 milliseconds to 500 milliseconds.


Furthermore, your reading speed is just determined by fixations and saccades.


There's also the actual cognitive processing time that you have to go through to understand what you just read.


Well get more into cognition and how your brain learned in future videos, but for now, I wanna make a brief note about your working memory,

which is what you're using when you read. Reading Speed
Research has shown that our working memory can only handle about four chunks of information at any given time,


the chunk is a bundle of information that is loosely connected through meaning.


Chunks for difficult material or things you are unfamiliar with will be small, whereas chunks for things that you are familiar with will be bigger, but for both, the concept here is the same.

Your brain can only handle so many at a time, Reading Speed.
reading too quickly can result in ina loss of comprehension. That being said,


a good figure to keep in mind is that pauses for comprehension, while you're reading, will generally take between 300 and 500 milliseconds.


So essentially, reading breaks down into a three-step process, we have the saccade that moves on to the fixation, and finally, the cognitive processing pause.


Now, even though we have average duration data for all three of these things, it is not like we can just add them up together and get an average reading speed.


Several other factors come into play, including the fact that when we read we skip a lot of the words on the page.

Words can be separated into two different types,
there are content words, the words that express the ideas you're reading about, and function words,


words that express the grammatical relationships between those content words. Research showed that readers fixate on about 85% of the content words given the text,


while they only focus on about 35% of the function words.
On the other hand, reading also includes, a lot of regression and going back to read but over previously read words.


Some regressions are small corrections when the saccades distance is too long, whereas longer regressions will be to go over material that you already read once.


didn't understand the first time. Reading Speed
For skilled readers, about 15% of their reading time will be made up of these regressions.


Now that you have a grasp of the main factors that go into the process of reading, let us look at what a realistic reading speed is.


Some speed reading experts will tell you that you can boost your reading rate to around 1,200 words per minute,

which is a figure that many people citeJohn F. Reading Speed
Kennedy reading at, some even say and you can get higher than that. according to Keith Rayner,


who is a psycholinguist at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, who did a huge study on 20 years of researching both eye-movement tracking?


the reading speed studies, observations the college-level readers show, and that most people read between 200 to 400 words per minute.


lastly, there's the concept of reading flexibility, a lot of the advice on speed reading assumes that.

you should be reading at a constant rate.


but in the real world, this isn't the case.
When you're reading something where the concepts are presented more closely,


the materials more difficult, you're gonna slow your reading rate down so you can keep understanding what it is you're reading by contrast,



when you're reading something where the concepts are more spaced out, or you're already familiar with what it is you're reading,


you can increase that reading, but rate without a huge loss of comprehension. So here is the conclusion that I want you to take from this first article in the speed reading series.


If you're reading between 200 and 400 words per minute already, you're in the norm. You're fine.


My friend Shane, who runs the incredibly smart website Farnam Street, is a great example of this.


Shane reads about three to five books a week, but he's very clear on his site that he reads at an average pace.


Speed readers who claim, and that they can do any more than 400, maybe 500 words per minute, but tops, are doing so at a loss of comprehension.


In general, reading at lower comprehension rates should be considered skimming that's what speed reading is. It's skimming.


After a certain reasonable point, in fact, you get an inverse relationship between your reading speed and your brain level of comprehension.

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Which one is more important to you?
So, that is where we're gonna end this article, If you'd like to dig a little bit deeper into the research I did for it,


I've linked to a lot of sources in the companion blog post for this website, so you can click the card right now, or the link down in the description to read them.


Next week, we're gonna look at some of the common techniques that speed readers claim will increase your reading speed,


see if there is any validity whatsoever to them, and then after that, we're gonna do an article on how you can increase your reading speeds.


So stay tuned for those posts coming in the next couple of weeks, if you enjoyed this blog post, giving it a like definitely helps this channel, and I will see you in the next article.


(energetic dance music)Hey guys, thanks so much for watching this first website of my speed reading series.


 

 

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