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Cognition - factors affecting thinking in psychology

 factors affecting thinking in psychology you need to know for any good psychological test. It can be a test on intelligence. A test of aptitude. How Your Brain Powers Your Thoughts, What are the psychological factors affecting learning?

Hi friends. Right now, just going to run through the key factors that you need to know for any good psychological test. It can be a test on intelligence. What does it mean to think psychologically?

 A test for personality.A test of psychological disorders.
A test of aptitude.A test of achievement
what is critical thinking in psychology

 Every single test in the psychological world should have all of these factors to be a good test. The first thing every test should have to establish that it's a good test is reliability.

factors of thinking in psychology

 Reliability is when the same performance receives the same score, or the same score is given for the same performance.

 It is about consistency. If you look at the picture on the left, everything kinda scattered all over the place. 

Read more...life-changing -Inspirational Quotes On Life:

That's, not consistency. (

what is dialectical thinking in psychology

 If you look at the target on the right youll notice that a lot of the marks are all in the same area.
 That is consistency. In practice, for example, say were asking a group of kindergarten children to spell the word cat. And we say that's spelled correctly.
 If I child spells this [pause] most people will say yep, spelled it correctly. If a child turns in this [pause] most people would say nope, these [cat] and these [cut] do not match so any grade.

 So, so far we've has been incredibly consistent. Sometimes we run into a challenge like this [pause] where it's unclear if this is an Aor if this is a U. Some people may give credit

Some people may not give credit, in which case reliability or consistency becomes more of a challenge. But if you have reliability, you also need to make sure you have validity. 
Validity means youre measuring what you think you are measuring. Youre accurately measuring what you think you are measuring.
 You are accurately measuring intelligence, which is your ability to adapt and solve problems.

   critical thinking in psychology -factors that influence behavior?

 the first factor I want to talk about is group size. 
Specifically, people seem to be more likely to conform when they're in groups of three to five.
 conform when the opinion of the group is unanimous or when everyone in the group agrees upon a certain opinion. We are also more likely to someone who gave the correct answer before it was the participant's turn to answer. 
As an example of this, in one variant of the Asch line study, the researchers changed the experiment such that the participant had a supporter,

 So while in the original Asch study,37% of participants fully complied on every trial, what they found was that even one defector can influence how likely an individual is to comply. total compliance dropped to only 5%when there was a supporter of the group.
they claimed that they didn't. So while the research does show that the presence of defector influences. When they asked the participants whether or not the presence of that defector in any way influenced their responses, 

What are the examples of cognitive factors?

 If we admire a group status or some other characteristic, we are also more likely to go along with them. how likely we are to conform, it appears that were not aware of the effect that they can have.

 while this can be used to explain
  it also explains why we're more likely to trust the opinion of four doctors than four gardeners when it comes to our health decisions. why children might be more likely to go along with a popular group because they admire them or want to be like them,
 If we have no connection or feel no connection with the group, we feel less of a need to go along with that group. Group cohesion can also have a strong influence on our likelihood to conform. Another factor is whether or not we believe that our behavior is being observed.
 In a different variant of the Asch line study,
 he would record his answers on a sheet of paper instead of saying them out loud. the participant was told that because he came in late, And because of this, they're responses were not shared with the group, 
 Relatedly, how people believe that the public will respond, also can have a large effect, when these participants were confident that their answers wouldn't be judged by the others in the room, they were much less likely to conform

  thinking in psychology As opposed to achievement,

 which is demonstrating how much you have learned. It is on target, its on point. It's very focused.

 It is assessing height by measuring how tall you are up this way, not by how wide you are from left to right. That's validity. Every test should have reliability.
 Every test should have validity. Every test should have standardization.

That means the same questions,

the same instructions, the same grading rubric, the same instrument used for everyone no matter who is taking it.Uniformity.Everyone has the same, the same, the same. 
If any of yall have ever taken the SATs if any of yall have taken the ACTs, if any of yall have taken in certain states they're called Regents Exams. In other states, its competency exams appropriate for the grade level.

 (factors affecting thinking You have taken a standardized test.

 This allows us to compare performances among students, and without this, the test is questionable.

 It might be reliable, it might be valid, but how are we going to assess whether or not this particular child on an intelligence test scored higher than another child.
 who also took the intelligence test. And the last thing to always be aware of with any and every test in interpreting the results is this idea of cultural bias.
 Certain groups will have advantages on tests just because of their experiences. Certain groups will have disadvantages in tests just due to personal experience.

 The picture of the United States - map on the left - which is all about what do we calla a particular beverage. Some places, they call it soda. Some places, they call it pop.


factors affecting creativity in psychology. (factors affecting)

 Other places, they call it Coke. Just using the word soda on a test may throw people who have no idea what they are referencing.

 Same thing with the issue of supper versus dinner. For some people, supper is the evening meal. For other people,

 supper is the mid-afternoon meal.
 Dinner for some people, it's not in their vocabulary. Other people, dinner is the evening meal. Again, advantage-disadvantage just because of word familiarity.
Another significant issue with the picture of the lady on the right who is saying Hello Polish, if the test is in a language that you do not understand.
 If a test is using, for example, pictures and you have a significant visual disability,.you will be at a disadvantage.

 Whereas people who are sighted and people who can read Polish understand Polish will have a particular advantage. So every test in psychology, whether it be intelligence, achievement, 


convergent thinking psychology definition

 should be reliable - consistent - should be valid - accurate - should be standardized- which is uniform - and avoid culture bias as much as possible, giving everyone a chance to perform well on the test. So, thank you. Bye-bye.
  •  🚸 Cognitive psychology involves the study of internal mental processes - all things that go inside your brain. including perception, thinking, memory, meditation, language, problem-solving, and learning.

divergent thinking psychology definition what is involved in thinking? "

 Karma is good for your life. So luck is your slave. Your thinking is good. So in your house. Mathura and Kashi. Whatever the man does. O thinking depends on the idea. The man is made according to the idea and worsens...

divergent thinking definition psychology

"Thinking is manipulating the world internally with the help of symbolic processes. It uses the logic of memory, imagination, and problem-solving...


 The thoughts that stream their symbolic 'thinking' is an indicative activity of psychology. Which is deliberately controlled by an objective. It is the mental discovery of data to deal effectively with the environment.

The price is different from yours. 


To think of you, everyone has the right to the floor. But I have to go "The delusions and the connotation of. the concept of learning from the viewpoint of a major psychologist and psychiatrist.

 the limitations of the time available to us today... What do we mean by learning, it is largely decided by this How to study it...

What is distracting thinking in psychology?



Divergent thinking refers to a method of solving problems in which. various possible solutions are proposed which works.
 This is contrary to converging. thinking, which instead of offering several solutions depends on concentrating on a limited number of solutions

''Critical thinking psychology definition

 ''can be interpreted in the context of the verbatim arrangement. 'Negative' The word tells the nature of the reinforcement. Does it help us solve various problems?

 Of course ... psychology is thinking of a psychological process. .... A person. who normalizes them is not normalized without distracting from the difference.

Critical Thinking Definition Psychology 3 types of thinking?


There are three types of ideas. Those who produce our brain: practical (used for problem-solving), experiential (focusing on work at hand), and continuous (chattering).


Practical thinking helps us to plan long distances and to 'solve' the problem...'' One thought, life should change.
 The second thought that comes alive. Three ideas that change the whole world. Man becomes great with thoughts And flying from the juices ... stay free with ideas. Stay tied with rituals.

What benefits do we get from different types of thinking?


By gaining "mastery of critical thinking skills" you can get many benefits. such as others: for approaches, better control of your own learning, and empathy.

 Critical thinking is, in a cut sheet, self-directed, self-disciplined, self-monitoring, and self-corrective thinking.
"In today's world based on knowledge, those people get special benefits which, constructively, Keeping knowledge enhanced. ..

This is not related to how we think or analyze the facts, but we use the facts associated with it ... What is critical thinking? ... after reaching conclusions, various generalizations have to go through that principle to check. 

What do cognitive psychologists do?


"Cognitive psychologists examine internal mental processes like memory, perception, learning, and language,


 cognitive psychologists and they are worried about how people understand problems, diagnose them. And solve, and make decisions.


 These "psychologists" focus on this. How people get information, how do they process? And remember.

convergent thinking definition psychology gets information from the outside world, observe them, and observe the information received. The process exhibits. This information is often used in the field of clinical psychology.

 How Your Brain Powers Your Thoughts

 what about electricity?
 Would give my brain a little jolt kick things into overdrive? Julia tackles that super insane idea here. Have you noticed your brain runs differently when you haven't eaten? I've noticed this. Let us know down in the comments,
 To keep all your brain functions going, neurons -- the cells that make up the brain -- have to constantly be at the ready that's no easy task. Your brain has about 86 billion neurons that are interconnected at a hundred trillion to a quadrillion synapses.
Your brain needs a LOT of energy to function. Even though the average adult brain is only about 2% of your total body mass, it uses a full 20% of the energy you spend while at rest.

 When youre thinking, your neurons are shooting messages back and forth across your brain the cells are firing. because someone could jump out scare you at any time, they have to be ready to fire at a moment's notice.
 As you start thinking hard, extra Glut4 moves to the surface of the cell membranes. As I understand it, the Glut4 is sort of like a neuron is sticking little fishing nets into------- the bloodstream to grab glucose. Once the nets are out there,
 they just keep grabbing more fuel allowing our brain cells to burn the midnight oil. Once it grabs onto the glucose, it can use it to send messages and keep you thinking.

 One study found that the firing of neurons uses about two-thirds of your brain's energy. ----now scientists have found out how brain cells recharge and fire!------ Turns out they operate much the same way your muscle cells do when youre exercising.

 Both neurons and muscles need glucose, a simple form of sugar, to function. To get more glucose, they activate a protein called Glut4 which lives inside our cells.

 The common misconception that your neurons are firing electricity from one cell to the next is a bit misleading. It is not like the electricity in your home. Instead, 

your brain's electrical signals come from charged molecules, called ions. The charge propagates down the length of a nerve cell membrane, 
 Okay, so, this is the cool part. Once a neuron is ready to talk to its neighbor, it releases an ion via these chemicals,* and throws it into the synaptic gap ------ the space between neurons.  then. The ion is grabbed by the next neuron in the chain, and the game of the brain telephone continues.
 what does mitochondria burn? GLUCOSE, baby. So, Glut4 grabs some glucose pulls it into the cell, gives it to the mitochondria,------  All of this activity is powered by a molecule called Adenosine Triphosphate, or ATP, which is generated by mitochondria, the powerhouse of the cell.

 which converts it to ATP so that we can send charged ions through neurotransmitters to this happens again. It is happening in your brain right now while youre watching this. Or, if that's are confusing, just remember.

like doing the wave at a hockey game. When it reaches the end of the cell, the electrical signal is converted into------ a chemical signal. The chemicals are collectively called neurotransmitters, which allow the cells to talk to each other. 

The neurotransmitters are stored in little containers across the neuron called vesicles.---- Neurons can have hundreds, to hundreds of thousands, of vesicle all to make sure the messages it wants to send get out safely.

 Our brain runs on sugar, just like muscles.-----  also like muscles, if youre low on sugar, it makes it hard for your brain to work. It seems like the optimal amount of sugar for your brain is about 25 grams of glucose floating in the bloodstream.

 For scale, that's about as much as you find in a banana. So if youre ever in a fog, take a break, have a bite, and let your think meat recover. So more glucose doesn't mean better,



Why is cognitive psychology important?- Mind Brain Behavior